“Compendium of Materia Medica” Li Shizhen’s TCM Collection
”Compendium of Materia Medica” is an ancient Chinese medicine book written by Li Shizhen, a great medical scientist in the Ming Dynasty.This masterpiece can be said to be unknown in China.No one knows.The shadow of “Compendium of Materia Medica” appeared in elementary school textbooks more than once,The influence of this book on future generations,The contribution to Chinese traditional medicine can be said to be of epoch-making significance.
Compendium of Materia Medica
The author of “Compendium of Materia Medica” is Li Shizhen from the Ming Dynasty,Written in the sixth year of Wanli (1578),In the twenty-third year of Wanli (1596), it was officially published in Jinling (now Nanjing). From the completion of the “Compendium of Materia Medica” to the engraving,After more than ten years,The reason is that “Compendium of Materia Medica” did not have the approval of famous artists and the support of the government.Li Shizhen has been to Qizhou, Huangzhou and Wuchang,No bookseller could be found.In 1579,He went to Nanjing, the center of Chinese book printing, to seek publication.But still unsuccessful.In 1590,He finally got help from Nanjing bibliophile and publisher Hu Chenglong,Pay for the engraving.unfortunately,Li Shizhen died at home within three years,I can’t see my own work coming out.
In 1578 AD,Li Shizhen, who was 60 years old, completed the Compendium of Materia Medica,Unfortunately, the title of the book has not yet been determined.one day,He came back from the clinic,Sitting at the table habitually.When he saw that the “Tong Jian Gang Mu” that he had read yesterday was still on the desk,Suddenly, my heart moved,Bring up the pen immediately,Dipped in ink,On the cover of the white manuscript, four powerful characters of the Compendium of Materia Medica were written.He looked at it,Excitedly muttered to himself: Yes,Just call it “Compendium of Materia Medica”!For the style of this book,Li Shizhen considered for a long time,I also read a lot of books,And get inspiration from “Tongjian Compendium”,Decided to compile this book in a general style,He also used the name “Compendium of Materia Medica” as the title of the book he collected, sorted out, and compiled for 27 years.
”Compendium of Materia Medica” improved the traditional Chinese classification method,The format is relatively uniform,The narration is also more scientific and precise,For example: expand the broad sense insect medicine to 106 kinds,Among them, there are 73 insect medicines.Divided into three types: oviparous, metaplastic and wet.It is of great significance to the development of taxonomy of animals and plants.
”Compendium of Materia Medica” corrected many mistakes made by predecessors,Such as Southern Star and Tiger Palm,It was originally the same drug,In the past, it was mistaken for two kinds of drugs; in the past, Violet protactinium and female wilt were considered the same medicine.After the identification of Li’s family, it is confirmed that there are two kinds; Su Song divides the smallpox and the surrounding building into two places in “Picture Jing Materia Medica”.It’s actually the same kind of plant; the predecessors mistakenly believed that horses could become Cynomorium cynomorium and that grasses could become fish.Correct them one by one.And many new drugs have been added to this book.The efficacy of certain drugs,Li Shizhen also gave a further description through his own experience.The book also contains a lot of valuable medical information,In addition to a large number of attached prescriptions, prescriptions and medical records,There are also some useful medical historical materials.In addition, Li Shizhen also refuted Chen Zangqi’s “Supplements to Materia Medica”,It is wrong to think that cannibalism is used to treat cripples.
As a great book,In the process of compiling “Compendium of Materia Medica”,The author Li Shizhen can be said to use his life to conduct a lot of experiments.To verify the actual use of many Chinese medicines and their fatal side effects.No matter from which aspect, the Compendium of Materia Medica is a stunning treasure in Chinese traditional medicine.