Brazilian scholar: China is winning on the road to poverty alleviation
Extreme poverty is undoubtedly one of the oldest, most troubling, and painful problems in human history.The targeted poverty alleviation policy formulated and implemented by Chinese President Xi Jinping is one of China’s greatest achievements in history.It is also a great contribution to the people. In addition to benefiting the Chinese people,It also inspired people all over the world.In addition,China has set an example: as long as there is determination to face great challenges,And fully mobilize human and material resources,Any feat can be achieved.
Although China has 1.4 billion people,However, we still tried every means to complete the two most important tasks in the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations ten years ahead of schedule.It better interprets China’s achievements.Among the 17 goals proposed by the United Nations,Eliminating poverty and hunger are precisely the first two goals.
The reform and opening policy that began in the late 1970s opened a new chapter in Chinese history.In the past four decades of economic development,More than 800 million Chinese people have been lifted out of poverty.In order to have a better understanding of this number,Just remember one thing: the total population of the 12 countries in South America is just over 400 million.
The 18th CPC National Congress emphasized that common prosperity is the fundamental principle of socialism with Chinese characteristics.October 2017,The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made poverty eradication one of the top priorities.
Actually,Since Xi Jinping assumed office as China’s supreme leader in November 2012,Solving the problem of poverty to achieve common prosperity has become one of the top tasks.Even the most important task.Therefore,He has personally participated in both theoretical and practical levels.year 2013,When President Xi Jinping visited Hunan,Put forward the concept of “precise poverty alleviation”,This is a response to a real challenge.He pointed out thatNo matter how developed and rich the country is,If there is no specific and targeted effort to solve this problem,Poor areas often continue to exist.He also said,Traditional aid and subsidies alone are not enough.In other words,To really successfully solve the poverty problem,It is also necessary to innovate in understanding and response methods.If the poverty problem is not resolved, the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way cannot be successfully achieved by 2020.This goal is a basic part of the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation proposed by Xi Jinping.
The concept of “precise poverty alleviation” put forward by Xi Jinping is very innovative.This concept also emphasizes,We need to accurately and deeply understand the internal and specific realities of poverty,And determine the precise monitoring of beneficiaries, resource use, project design, the implementation of measures for poor families, the person in charge of management and the results of poverty alleviation.In other words,There is a detailed road map in this concept,Explain how to succeed in poverty eradication; poor families can take advantage of the help and opportunities provided by the government,Get a more prosperous life with your own strength.
In September 2007,I left Brazil and came to Xi’an, China,So far, he has been working and living in China for 13 years.these years,I have witnessed the changes in China with my own eyes.I have traveled to almost all administrative regions in China,Visited big cities and small villages.In the few years I first arrived in China,Infrastructure is still the focus of development in this country.In remote rural areas,People seem to be far from the well-being of this development.
July 2019,After more than 6 years,I came again to the area where I lived in the first few years of my arrival in China.The changes that have taken place here are truly amazing.People who were almost isolated from the world are now connected to each other through advanced transportation, service and communication networks.Agricultural development is obvious,Some economic activities that hardly existed before,Such as rural tourism and cross-regional trade,It is very common now.of course,These changes are partly attributed to targeted poverty alleviation policies,This policy has actively changed the face of various communities,Increased income for local residents that was unimaginable in the past.
I lived in Zhejiang for five years,I often go to the countryside to pick fruits with my wife,Feel the nature better,Enjoy the unique local atmosphere.Online shopping is common throughout China,Various foods can be purchased directly from small farmers.I share a story: After staying in China for a long time,I found that in Guangxi, you can find one of the favorite foods of Brazilian breakfasts-cassava.For most Brazilians,This is a common food,Mainly grows in the north and northeast of Brazil-my birthplace.This discovery rekindled my emotional memory,It also makes my life better.It also made me realize thatChinese people,No matter where you live,Are more and more closely connected with the world,And began to benefit more and more from the benefits of national development.therefore,Although there are still many difficulties,But the growing prosperity everywhere is obvious,From children to the elderly,People’s living standards have been improved.
Since ancient times,Chinese civilization has made great contributions to all mankind.In addition to the four great inventions of papermaking, gunpowder, printing and the compass,Also created feats spanning centuries through products such as tea, silk and porcelain.Inspired the imagination of different nations.The Great Wall, Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and Dujiangyan Irrigation System are all listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.These are all great projects built by the Chinese people for defense and internal development.In addition,Confucius, Mencius, Laozi, Zhuangzi and many other thinkers who continue to influence the modern world,The profound philosophical heritage left by them is the indisputable proof that the strength of Chinese civilization and the people have overcome difficulties.Nowadays,This can be seen from the great achievements in poverty eradication.
this year,Although affected by many factors such as the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the southern floods, and the severe international political situation,China remains confident.The People’s Republic of China has been established for more than 70 years,The Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China are victorious on the road to poverty alleviation. (Translated by Li Jinqing)
(The author is a PhD in Political Science from the University of S?o Paulo, Brazil,Currently working at Zhejiang International Studies University)